67th Secretary of State of the United States, 2009-2013
United States Senator (NY), 2001-2009
First Lady of the United States, 1993-2001
Hillary Rodham Clinton served as the 67th Secretary of State of the United States from January 21, 2009 until February 1, 2013, after nearly four decades in public service as an advocate, attorney, First Lady, and Senator.
As First Lady, Hillary Clinton advocated for universal affordable, quality health care and led successful bipartisan efforts to improve the adoption and foster care systems, reduce teen pregnancy, and establish both the Children's Health Insurance Program and Early Head Start, which provides support for children in the crucial first three years of life.
She also traveled to more than 80 countries as a representative of our country, winning respect as a champion of human rights, democracy, civil society, and opportunities for women and girls around the world.
In 2000, Clinton made history as the first First Lady elected to the United States Senate. She worked across party lines to expand economic opportunity and access to quality, affordable health care, including for wounded service members, veterans and members of the National Guard and Reserves. After September 11, 2001, she helped secure more than $20 billion for the rebuilding of New York and fought for the health needs of first responders who risked their lives at Ground Zero.
In 2007 and 2008, Clinton made her historic campaign for President, winning 18 million votes, and more primaries and delegates than any woman had before.
In her four years as Secretary of State, Clinton played a central role in restoring America’s standing in the world and strengthening its global leadership. Her "smart power" approach to foreign policy elevated American diplomacy and development, repositioning them for the 21st century with new tools, technologies and partners, including the private sector and civil society around the world. As America's chief diplomat and the President's principal foreign policy adviser, Clinton spearheaded progress on many of our greatest national security challenges, from reasserting the United States as a Pacific power and imposing crippling sanctions on Iran and North Korea to responding to the challenges and opportunities of the Arab Awakening and negotiating a ceasefire in the Middle East. She pushed the frontiers of human rights and demonstrated that giving women the opportunity to participate fully in society is vital to the security, stability and prosperity of all nations.
Today, Clinton continues to build on the nonprofit work she began nearly four decades ago through the Bill, Hillary, and Chelsea Clinton Foundation, which works to improve global health, strengthen economies, promote health and wellness, and protect the environment by fostering partnerships among businesses, governments, nongovernmental organizations, and private citizens.
Lynn Vavreck is a professor of political science and communication studies at UCLA where she teaches courses on and writes about campaigns, elections, and public opinion. She holds an M.S. and Ph.D. in political science from the University of Rochester and previously worked at Princeton University, Dartmouth College, and The White House. She is the recipient of multiple grants from the National Science Foundation and awards for her work on political advertising. She has published four books, including The Message Matters, which Stanley Greenberg called “required reading” for presidential candidates and The Gamble, described by Nate Silver as the “definitive account” of the 2012 election. Professor Vavreck has served on the Boards of the British and American National Election Studies and is the co-founder of the Cooperative Campaign Analysis Project. She is a regular contributor to the New York Times and a frequent guest on MSNBC, NPR, and the BBC.